Lesson 88 Trapped in a mine困在矿井里
First listen and then answer the question.
Why is the rescue taking so long?
Six men have been trapped in a mine for seventeen hours. If they are not brought to the surface soon they may lose their lives. However, rescue operations are proving difficult. If explosives are used, vibrations will cause the roof of the mine to collapse. Rescue workers are therefore drilling a hole on the north side of the mine. They intend to bring the men up in a special capsule. If there had not been a hard layer of rock beneath the soil, they would have completed the job in a few hours. As it is, they have been drilling for sixteen hours and they still have a long way to go. Meanwhile, a microphone, which was lowered into the mine two hours ago, has enabled the men to keep in touch with their closest relatives. Though they are running out of food and drink, the men are cheerful and confident that they will get out soon. They have been told that rescue operations are progressing smoothly. If they knew how difficult it was to drill through the hard rock, they would lose heart.
6个人被困在矿井里已有17个小时了。如果不把他们尽快救到地面上来，他们就有可能丧生。然而，事实证明营救工作非常困难。如果用炸药爆破，震动会 引起矿顶塌落。因此，营救人员在矿井的北侧钻了一个洞。他们准备用一种特制的容器把这6个人救上来。如果不是因为土壤下面有一层坚硬的岩石，他们的营救工 作仅用几个小时就可以完成了。实际情况是，他们已连续钻了16个小时了，但离钻透还早着呢。与此同时，两个小时以前放下井去的一只麦克风使井下的人可以与 其亲属保持联系。虽然他们的食物和饮料都快消耗尽了，但这些人的心情很好，坚信他们很快就会出去。他们一直被告知营救工作进行得非常顺利。如果他们知道了 钻透那坚硬的岩石有多么困难，他们会丧失信心的。
New words and expressions 生词和短语
Lesson 88 自学导读First things first
课文详注 Further notes on the text
1．…rescue operations are proving difficult.……事实证明营救工作非常困难。
His operation proved successful.
What he had told us proved false.
2．Rescue workers are therefore drilling a hole on the north side of the mine. 因此，营救人员正在矿井的北侧钻一个洞。
The new flat is larger and therefore more expensive.
His parents gave him some money, and he was therefore able to buy a car.
His parents gave him some money, therefore, he was able to buy a car.
We arrived early, so we got good seats.
3．If there had not been a hard layer of rock beneath the soil, they would have completed the job in a few hours. 如果不是因为土壤下面有一层坚硬的岩石，他们的营救工作仅用几小时就可以完成了。
4．as it is，实际上，事实上（也可以用as it was）。
I thought they would help us. As it was, they just sat there and looked on.
I promised to return the books yesterday. As it is, I won't be able to do so until next Monday.
5．…a microphone…has enabled the men to keep in touch with their closest relatives.……一只麦克风使井下的人可以与其亲属保持联系。
The hubble telescope will enable us to have a better understanding of the distant stars and galaxies.
（2）keep in touch with表示“与……保持联系”，也可以用stay，get 等其他动词：
Though he works in New York, he still keeps in touch with his friends in London.
George is in close touch with Ian.
Can you get in touch with the company?
He told his men not to lose heart, saying that they would soon discover gold mines.
Seeing that the enemy was much stronger than themselves, the soldiers lost heart at once.
词汇学习 Word study
If explosives are used, vibrations will cause the roof of the mine to collapse.
With no one to repair it, the old church collapsed long ago.
After many years' hard work, my mother's health collapsed.
He had run more than forty miles As soon as he was out of danger, he collapsed.
（1）run out of可表示“用完”、“耗尽”：
They are running out of food and drink.
He has run out of money.
She ran through a forest after the two thieves.
Seeing that his sister was annoyed, he ran after her to apologize.
The car ran over a snake/his legs.
The cat was run over by a train.
John is running his new car in.
Run in the engine before you start work.
（5）run into可以表示“偶然碰见”：I ran into
Mary and Jane in the flower shop.我在花店里碰见了玛丽和简。
He ran into the Sterlings while travelling in Italy.
Lesson 88 课后练习和答案Exercises and Answer