Lesson 82 Monster or fish?是妖还是鱼?
First listen and then answer the question.
What was the monster called?
Fishermen and sailors sometimes claim to have seen monsters in the sea. Though people have often laughed at stories told by seamen, it is now known that many of these 'monsters' which have at times been sighted are simply strange fish. Occasionally, unusual creatures are washed to the shore, but they are rarely caught out at sea. Some time ago, however, a peculiar fish was caught near Madagascar. A small fishing boat was carried miles out to sea by the powerful fish as it pulled on the line. Realizing that this was no ordinary fish, the fisherman made every effort not to damage it in any way. When it was eventually brought to shore, it was found to be over thirteen feet long. It had a head like a horse, big blue eyes, shining silver skin, and a bright red tail. The fish, which has since been sent to a museum where it is being examined by a scientist, is called an oarfish. Such creatures have rarely been seen alive by man as they live at a depth of six hundred feet.
渔夫和水手们有时声称自己看到过海里的妖怪。虽然人们常常对水手们讲的故事付诸一笑，但现在看来，人们有时看到的这些“妖怪”很多不过是些奇怪的 鱼。一些异常的生物偶尔会被冲到岸上来，但它们在海上却极少能被捕到。然而不久前，在马达加斯加附近的海里却捕到了一条奇怪的鱼。一条小渔船被一条咬住钩 的强壮的大鱼拖到了几英里以外的海面上。那位渔民意识到这根本不是一条普通的鱼，于是千方百计不让它受到丝毫伤害。当终于把它弄上岸后，人们发现它身长超 过了13英尺。它长着一个像马一样的头，有着大的蓝眼睛和闪闪发光的银色皮肤，还有一条鲜红色的尾巴。此鱼叫桨鱼，被送进了博物馆，现正接受一位科学家的 检查。人们很少能看到活着的这类动物，因为它们生活在600英尺深的水下。
New words and expressions 生词和短语
Lesson 82 自学导读First things first
课文详注 Further notes on the text
1．Fishermen and sailors sometimes claim to have seen monsters in the sea. 渔夫和水手们有时声称看见过海里的妖怪。
to have seen是不定式的完成式结构。不定式的完成式用于不定式的动作发生在谓语动作之前的情况：
I'm sorry to have taken up so much of your time.
I'm glad to have met your family.
She seemed to have cleaned the room.
She is believed/said/found to have gone to Australia.
He is thought/believed to have been killed in an air crash.
I meant/intended to have invited him, but I forgot to do so.
I hope/plan to have finished by 12.
At times I feel that he is not honest.
He comes to see us at times.
3．…they are rarely caught out at sea.……它们在海上极少能被捕到。
A small fishing boat was carried miles out to sea…
When her little boat was caught in a storm out at sea, she thought no one could help her now.
Don't sail out to sea in this weather.
4．this was no ordinary fish, 这根本不是一条普通的鱼。
They are no friends of ours.
This is no easy work.
5．made every effort, 尽一切努力。（cf．第78课课文详注）
6．Such creatures have rarely been seen alive by man…人们很少能看到活着的这类动物……
There are many strange creatures in the sea.
The poor creature has suffered a lot during that time.
词汇学习 Word study
（1）vt. , vi.（对……）提出要求，认领，索取：
Has anyone claimed the child/wallet?
They claim to have seen monsters in the sea.
He claimed that Tom had stolen his wallet.
I must get up and wash.
She has washed all those clothes.
Sally can almost wash herself now.
Occasionally, unusual creatures are washed to the shore.
The little wooden house was washed away by the floods.
When you phoned, she was busy washing up (the dishes).
The dead body of a huge fish has been washed up on the shore.
Lesson 82 课后练习和答案Exercises and Answer