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第78课_The last one?

时间:2015-10-01 17:01来源:www.new-english.org

 

Lesson 78   The last one?最后一枝吗?

  First listen and then answer the question.

  听录音,然后回答以下问题。

  For how long did the writer give up smoking?

  After reading an article entitled 'Cigarette Smoking and Your Health' I lit a cigarette to calm my nerves. I smoked with concentration and pleasure as I was sure that this would be my last cigarette. For a whole week I did not smoke at all and during this time, my wife suffered terribly. I had all the usual symptoms of someone giving up smoking: a bad temper and an enormous appetite. My friends kept on offering me cigarettes and cigars. They made no effort to hide their amusement whenever I produced a packet of sweets from my pocket. After seven days of this I went to a party. Everybody around me was smoking and I felt extremely uncomfortable. When my old friend Brian urged me to accept a cigarette, it was more than I could bear. I took one guiltily, lit it and smoked with satisfaction. My wife was delighted that things had returned to normal once more. Anyway, as Brian pointed out, it is the easiest thing in the world to give up smoking. He himself has done it lots of times!

  参考译文

  读完一篇题为《吸烟与健康》的文章之后,我点上了一枝香烟,来镇定一下自己紧张的神经。我聚精会神而又愉快地吸着这枝烟。因为我确信这是我最后一枝 烟了。整整一个星期我根本没有吸烟。在此期间,我妻子吃尽了苦头。我具备了戒烟者通常表现出来的所有症状:脾气暴躁和食欲旺盛。我的朋友们不断地向我递香 烟和雪茄。每当我从口袋里掏出一包糖果时,他们都毫不掩饰地表现出他们对此感到非常好笑。这样过了7天以后,我去参加一次聚会。我周围的每个人都在吸烟, 我感到非常不自在。当我的老朋友布赖恩极力劝我接受一枝香烟时,我再也忍不住了。我内疚地接过一枝点上,心满意足地抽起来。一切又都恢复了正常,为此我妻 子十分高兴。不管怎么说,正如布赖恩指出的那样,戒烟是世界上最容易的事情,他自己就已戒了很多次了!

 

  New words and expressions 生词和短语

  entitle

  v. 以......为名

 

  calm

  v. 使镇定

 

  nerve

  n. 神经

 

  concentration

  n. 集中,专心

 

  suffer

  v. 受苦,受害

 

  symptom

  n. 症状

 

  temper

  n. 脾气

 

  appetite

  n. 胃口,食欲

 

  produce

  v. 拿出

 

  urge

  v. 力劝,怂恿

 

  satisfaction

  n. 满意,满足

 

  delighted

  adj. 欣喜的

 

Lesson 78   自学导读First things first

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.  an article entitled‘Cigarette Smoking and Your Health’,一篇题为《吸烟与健康》的文章。

  在英语中,文章名与书名中的每个单词的第一个字母均大写,不在开头位置的连词、冠词、小品词除外。entitle的含义为“给……题名/定名”,在这里是过去分词(短语)作定语。entitle常用于被动语态:

  The writer hasn't entitled his new book yet.

  那位作家还没给他的新书写/取名。

  The book was entitled The Sun Also Rises.

  那本书的书名为《太阳照样升起》。

 

  2. I had all the usual symptoms of someone giving up smoking: a bad temper and an enormous appetite. 我具备了戒烟者通常表现出来的所有症状:脾气暴躁和食欲旺盛。

  a bad temper and an enormous appetite为symptoms的同位语。

  giving up smoking可以看做是someone的定语,即someone who gives up smoking.

 

  3. My friends Kept on offering me cigarettes and cigars. 我的朋友们不断地向我递香烟和雪茄。

  keep on doing sth.表示“继续做某事”、“反复做某事”:

  The child was crying loudly, but he kept on watching TV.

  孩子在大声哭,但他却一直看电视。

  He kept on phoning her.

  他不断地给她打电话。

 

  4.They made no effort to hide…他们毫不掩饰地……

  make no effort表示“根本不作努力”。我们还可以说:

  She wrote the letter with/without effort.

  她费力地/毫不费力地写了那封信。

  Georeg made every effort to get/at getting the job.

  乔治竭尽全力想得到那份工作。

 

  5. …it was more than I could bear. ……我再也忍不住了。more than后面跟一个从句或一个形容词时可以表示“超出”(多用于口语):

  He was more than pleased with his new room.

  他对自己的新房间极其满意。

  This was more than I had expected.

  这超出了我的预料。

 

  6.Anyway,as Brian pointed out, it is the easiest thing in the world to give up smoking.不管怎么说,正如布赖恩指出的那样,戒烟是世界上最容易的事情。

  it为先行主语,代替后面的不定式短语 to give up…。 point out为固定短语,表示“指出”、“指明”:

  Why didn't you point out his mistake to him at that time?

  你那时候为什么不向他指出他的错误?

  He pointed out that we still had to get a few other things.

  他指出我们还需要/得再买一些其他东西。

 

  词汇学习 Word study

  1. suffer

  (1)vi. 受痛苦,受苦难;患病:

  During this time, my wife suffered terribly.

  在此期间,我妻子吃尽了苦头。

  What is the patient suffering from?

  这位病人患的是什么病?

  (2)vt.遭受(痛苦、损害等):

  The village suffered serious damage from the floods.

  洪水使这个村子受到了严重破坏。

  Many people are suffering cold and hunger in that district.

  那个地区许多人正受冻挨饿。

 

  2.与keep有关的短语动词

  keep与不同的小品词搭配可以有不同的含义。

  (1)keep on与动名词连用时表示“反复”、“持续”:

  Keep on trying.

  继续努力。

  He kept on saying that he was tired.

  他不断地说他累了。

  (2)keep off表示“不靠近”、“从……离开”:

  Keep off the flower bed.

  请勿进入花坛。

  Keep your hands off the food.

  别动吃的东西。

  (3)keep away from表示“(使……)不靠近”、“避开”:

  Why do you always keep away from me?

  你为什么总躲着我?

  Keep the children away from the river.

  别让孩子们去河边。

  (4)keep it up表示“不松劲”、“保持成绩”或“继续下去”,而 keep up with则表示“跟上”、“不落在……后面”:

  You've made much progress. Keep it up!

  你已取得了很大进步。继续努力!

  If you keep it up, you'll be able to set up a new world record.

  你如果保持下去/不松劲,你就能创一项新的世界纪录。

  Although he walked as fast as he could, he still couldn't keep up with his father.

  虽然他尽快走,但他仍跟不上他父亲。

  In order to keep up with his classmates, he worked harder than ever.

  为了跟上同学,他比以往任何时候都更努力。

  (5)keep out可以表示“(使)留在外面”、“(使)不进入”:

  He shut all the doors and windows to keep out the wind.

  为了挡风,他关上了所有的门窗。

  16,000-volt power line. Keep out!

  16,000伏高压线,不可靠近!

  (6)keep in的含义之一为“(把……)留在里面/关在屋里”、“不出外”:

  It's very cold today. We'd better keep in.

  今天很冷。我们最好别出去。

  When the dog was kept in, it barked loudly.

  那条狗被关在屋里时狂吠不止。

 

Lesson 78   课后练习和答案Exercises and Answer

 


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