Lesson 78 The last one?最后一枝吗?
First listen and then answer the question.
For how long did the writer give up smoking?
After reading an article entitled 'Cigarette Smoking and Your Health' I lit a cigarette to calm my nerves. I smoked with concentration and pleasure as I was sure that this would be my last cigarette. For a whole week I did not smoke at all and during this time, my wife suffered terribly. I had all the usual symptoms of someone giving up smoking: a bad temper and an enormous appetite. My friends kept on offering me cigarettes and cigars. They made no effort to hide their amusement whenever I produced a packet of sweets from my pocket. After seven days of this I went to a party. Everybody around me was smoking and I felt extremely uncomfortable. When my old friend Brian urged me to accept a cigarette, it was more than I could bear. I took one guiltily, lit it and smoked with satisfaction. My wife was delighted that things had returned to normal once more. Anyway, as Brian pointed out, it is the easiest thing in the world to give up smoking. He himself has done it lots of times!
读完一篇题为《吸烟与健康》的文章之后，我点上了一枝香烟，来镇定一下自己紧张的神经。我聚精会神而又愉快地吸着这枝烟。因为我确信这是我最后一枝 烟了。整整一个星期我根本没有吸烟。在此期间，我妻子吃尽了苦头。我具备了戒烟者通常表现出来的所有症状：脾气暴躁和食欲旺盛。我的朋友们不断地向我递香 烟和雪茄。每当我从口袋里掏出一包糖果时，他们都毫不掩饰地表现出他们对此感到非常好笑。这样过了7天以后，我去参加一次聚会。我周围的每个人都在吸烟， 我感到非常不自在。当我的老朋友布赖恩极力劝我接受一枝香烟时，我再也忍不住了。我内疚地接过一枝点上，心满意足地抽起来。一切又都恢复了正常，为此我妻 子十分高兴。不管怎么说，正如布赖恩指出的那样，戒烟是世界上最容易的事情，他自己就已戒了很多次了！
New words and expressions 生词和短语
Lesson 78 自学导读First things first
课文详注 Further notes on the text
1. an article entitled‘Cigarette Smoking and Your Health’,一篇题为《吸烟与健康》的文章。
The writer hasn't entitled his new book yet.
The book was entitled The Sun Also Rises.
2． I had all the usual symptoms of someone giving up smoking: a bad temper and an enormous appetite. 我具备了戒烟者通常表现出来的所有症状：脾气暴躁和食欲旺盛。
a bad temper and an enormous appetite为symptoms的同位语。
giving up smoking可以看做是someone的定语，即someone who gives up smoking.
3． My friends Kept on offering me cigarettes and cigars. 我的朋友们不断地向我递香烟和雪茄。
keep on doing sth.表示“继续做某事”、“反复做某事”：
The child was crying loudly, but he kept on watching TV.
He kept on phoning her.
4．They made no effort to hide…他们毫不掩饰地……
make no effort表示“根本不作努力”。我们还可以说：
She wrote the letter with/without effort.
Georeg made every effort to get/at getting the job.
5. …it was more than I could bear. ……我再也忍不住了。more than后面跟一个从句或一个形容词时可以表示“超出”（多用于口语）：
He was more than pleased with his new room.
This was more than I had expected.
6.Anyway,as Brian pointed out, it is the easiest thing in the world to give up smoking.不管怎么说，正如布赖恩指出的那样，戒烟是世界上最容易的事情。
it为先行主语，代替后面的不定式短语 to give up…。 point out为固定短语，表示“指出”、“指明”：
Why didn't you point out his mistake to him at that time?
He pointed out that we still had to get a few other things.
词汇学习 Word study
During this time, my wife suffered terribly.
What is the patient suffering from?
The village suffered serious damage from the floods.
Many people are suffering cold and hunger in that district.
Keep on trying.
He kept on saying that he was tired.
Keep off the flower bed.
Keep your hands off the food.
（3）keep away from表示“（使……）不靠近”、“避开”：
Why do you always keep away from me?
Keep the children away from the river.
（4）keep it up表示“不松劲”、“保持成绩”或“继续下去”，而 keep up with则表示“跟上”、“不落在……后面”：
You've made much progress. Keep it up!
If you keep it up, you'll be able to set up a new world record.
Although he walked as fast as he could, he still couldn't keep up with his father.
In order to keep up with his classmates, he worked harder than ever.
He shut all the doors and windows to keep out the wind.
16,000-volt power line. Keep out!
It's very cold today. We'd better keep in.
When the dog was kept in, it barked loudly.
Lesson 78 课后练习和答案Exercises and Answer