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第63课_She was not amused

时间:2015-10-01 17:56来源:www.new-english.org

 

Lesson 63   She was not amused她并不觉得好笑

   First listen and then answer the question.

   Why did Jenny want to leave the wedding reception?

   听录音,然后回答以下问题。

   Jeremy Hampden has a large circle of friends and is very popular at parties. Everybody admires him for his great sense of humour -- everybody, that is, except his six-year-old daughter, Jenny. Recently, one of Jeremy's closest friends asked him to make a speech at a wedding reception. This is the sort of thing that Jeremy loves. He prepared the speech carefully and went to the wedding with Jenny. he had included a large number of funny stories in the speech and, of course, it was a great success. As soon as he had finished, Jenny told him she wanted to go home. Jeremy was a little disappointed by this but he did as his daughter asked. On the way home, he asked Jenny if she had enjoyed the speech. To his surprise, she said she hadn't. Jeremy asked her why this was so and she told him that she did not like to see so many people laughing at him!

   参考译文 

   杰里米.汉普登交际甚广,是各种聚会上深受大家欢 迎的人。人人都钦佩他那绝妙的幽默感 -- 人人,就是说,除他6岁的女儿珍妮之外的每一个人。最近,杰里米的一个最亲密的朋友请他在一个婚礼上祝词。这正是杰里米喜欢做的事情。他认真准备了讲稿, 带着珍妮一道去参加了婚礼。他的祝词里面加进了大量逗人的故事,自然大获成功。他刚一讲完,珍妮就对他说她要回家。这不免使杰里米有点扫兴,但他还是按照 女儿的要求做了。在回家的路上,他问珍妮是否喜欢他的祝词。使他吃惊的是,她说她不喜欢。杰里米问他为何不喜欢,她说她不愿意看到那么多的人嘲笑他!

 

   New words and Expressions生词和短语

   circle

   n. 圈子

 

   admire

   v. 赞美,钦佩

 

   close

   adj. 亲密的

 

   wedding

   n. 婚礼

 

   reception

   n. 招待会

 

   sort

   n. 种类

 

Lesson 63   自学导读First things first

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1. Jeremy Hampden has a large circle of friends and is very popular at parties.杰里米·汉普登交际甚广,是各种聚会上深受大家欢迎的人。

  (1)circle的含义之一是“(具有共同利益或兴趣等的人形成的)圈子”、“……界”:

  Such things are never talked about in businese circles.

  商业界的人士从来不谈论这种事。

  Jeremy used to have a large circle of friends, but now he likes being alone.

  杰里米以前交游甚广,但现在他喜欢独处。

  (2)popular在这里表示“受欢迎的”、“得人心的”:

  She is now a popular actress.

  她现在是个走红的演员。

  Mary is always popular with/among children.

  玛丽总是很受孩子们的欢迎。

 

  2.his great sense of humour,他那绝妙的幽默感。

  humour可以指“幽默”、“幽默感”,sense of humour指“幽默感”:

  He has a good/great sense of humour.

  他很有幽默感。

  George has no sense of humour.

  乔治没有幽默感。

  He is a man without humour.

  他是个没有幽默感的人。

 

  3.…everybody, that is, except his six-year-old daughter, Jenny.

  ……人人,就是说,除他6岁的女儿珍妮之外的每一个人。

  (1)that is为插入语,表示“那就是说”、“亦即”,用于补充说明everybody。

  He is coming home next Monday, that is, April  5th.

  他将于下星期一也就是4月5号到家。

  He is coming home next Monday, that is, if he does not change his plan.

  他将于下星期一到家,就是说,如果他不改变计划的话。

  (2)Jenny为his…daughter的同位语。

  (3)数词加名词构成复合形容词可以用于表示年龄、时间、度量等,名词通常用单数:

  a twenty-year-old man 一位20岁的男子

  a four-hour meeting 历时4小时的会议

  a six-foot hole 一个6英尺深的洞(也可以说a hole six feet deep,这时foot用复数)

  a three-hour journey 一次3小时的旅程

 

  4.This is the sort of thing that Jeremy loves.这正是杰里米喜欢做的事情。

  sort表示“种类”、“类型”,常与of连用:

  There are all sorts of flowers in his garden.

  他家花园里有各种各样的花。

  You mustn't mix with that sort of people.

  你不得与那种人交往。

 

  5.…he did as his daughter asked.……他还是按照女儿的要求做了。

  as引导的是方式状语从句,其含义为“如同……那样”、“以……的方式”:

  This fish isn't cooked as I like it.

  这条鱼不是按我喜欢的那样做的。

 

  6.to his surprise,令他吃惊的是。

  to sb's surprise是固定短语:

  To my surprise, they can't sell their flat.

  使我惊讶的是,他们的那套房子居然卖不出去。

 

  7.Jeremy asked her why this was so…杰里米问她为何不喜欢……

  this was so代指前面提到的情况,即she hadn't enjoyed the speech, this指“上述之事”,so表示“如此的”。

 

  语法 Grammar in use

  间接引语:祈使句的转述

  (1)在第15课与第39课的语法中,我们分别学习了陈述句和疑问句变为间接引语的情况,它们基本上都是引述词(say, tell 等)+(间接宾语)+从句:

  He told me that the firm could not afford to pay such large salaries.

  他告诉我,公司支付不起这么庞大的工资开支。(间接陈述句)

  He asked if Mr. Gilbert's operation had been successful.

  他问吉尔伯特先生的手术是否成功。(间接疑问句)

  (2)祈使句的情况有所不同。表示命令、请求、建议的祈使句通常可用适当的动词后跟不定式来转述。常用的这类动词有

  advise, ask, tell, order, command, warn, invite等,这些动词后往往有间接宾语:

  "Remeber to turn off all the lights"she said.

  她说:“记着把所有的灯关掉。”

  She reminded / told me to turn off all the light.

  她提醒/告诉我把所有的灯关掉。

  转述这类祈使句的否定形式时,必须将not放在带to的不定式之前:

  I advise you not to buy her anything.

  我建议你别给她买任何东西。

  (3)动词suggest和insist用于转述建议、要求时,其结构为suggest/insist+that从句(用should):

  Why don't they sell the flat?

  他们为什么不把那套房子卖掉?

  He suggests that they should sell the flat.I hope they won't sell the flat.

  他建议他们把那套房子卖掉。我希望他们不把那套房子卖掉。(suggest后面的that可省略;不论suggest是现在时还是过去时,后面都用should)

 

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.admire vt.

  (1)钦佩,赞赏:

  Everybody admires him for his great sense of humour.

  大家都钦佩他那绝妙的幽默感。

  I admire his music more than anyone else's.

  比起其他人的音乐来我更赞赏他的。(表示喜好,不可用进行时)

  (2)欣赏,观赏:

  Frank is admiring your garden.

  弗兰克正在欣赏你家的花园。

  While admiring the new building, I heard someone calling my name.

  正当我在观赏那座新建筑时,我听到有人叫我的名字。

  (3)(口语)夸奖,称赞:

  Don't forget to admire her new dress.

  别忘了赞美她的新衣服。

  She likes to hear her children admired.

  她喜欢听到她的孩子们受到夸奖。

 

  2.laugh vi.

  (1)(大)笑:

  You're very kind to laugh when I tell a funny story.

  我很感激你在我讲一个逗人的故事时发笑。

  Everybody laughed out loud when he said that.

  他说那话时大家都放声大笑。

  (2)嘲笑(介词用at):

  If you go round saying things like that, everyone will laugh at you.

  如果你到处说那种话,所有的人都会嘲笑你的。

  She did not like to see so many people laughing at him.

  她不愿意看到那么多人嘲笑他。

  如果 laugh at后面跟的是物,则表示“因……而发笑”:

  You're very kind to laugh at my funny stories.

  我很感激你因我讲的逗人的故事而发笑。

 

Lesson 63   课后练习和答案Exercises and Answer

 


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