www.new-english.org
当前位置: 新概念英语 > 新概念英语第二册 > 第23课_A new house

第23课_A new house

时间:2015-10-01 16:54来源:www.new-english.org

 

Lesson 23   A new house新居

  First listen and then answer the question.

  听录音,然后回答以下问题。

  Why is the new house special?

  I had a letter from my sister yesterday. She lives in Nigeria.

  昨天我收到了姐姐的一封信,她住在尼日利亚

 

  In her letter, she said that she would come to England next year. If she comes, she will get a surprise.

  在信中她说她明年将到英国来。如果她来了,她会感到非常惊奇了

 

   We are now living in a beautiful new house in the country. Work on it had begun before my sister left.

  我们现在住在乡间的一栋漂亮的新住宅里。这栋房子在我姐姐离开之前就已动工了

 

  The house was completed five months ago. In my letter, I told her that she could stay with us.

  是在5个月以前竣工的。我在信中告诉她,她可以和我们住在一起

 

  The house has many large rooms and there is a lovely garden.

  这栋房子里有许多房间,还有一个漂亮的花园

 

  It is a very modern house, so it looks strange to some people. It must be the only modern house in the district.

  它是一栋非 常现代化的住宅,因此在有些人看来很古怪。它肯定是这个地区唯一的一栋现代化住宅。

 

  New words and Expressions生词和短语

  complete 

  v. 完成

 

  modern 

  adj. 新式的,与以往不同的

 

  strange 

  adj. 奇怪的

 

  district 

  n. 地区

 

  Notes on the text课文注释

  1   get a surprisc中的,surprise这里作“使人惊奇、意外的事物”解,是可数名词。

  2   Work on it had begun...,住宅的建设在……就开始了。work是名词,作主语,it指房屋。

  3   The house has many large rooms and there is a lovely garden.这栋房子里有许多房间,还有一个漂亮的花园。

    there is这个结构在第1册第42-44课中曾经出现过,用来说明人、物的存在。

 

Lesson 23   自学导读First things first

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.I had a letter from my sister yesterday. 昨天我收到了姐姐的一封信。

  have在这里相当于 receive。(cf. 第18课语法)

 

  2.She lives in Nigeria… We are now living in a beautiful new house in the country. 她住在尼日利亚……我们现在住在乡间的一栋漂亮的新住宅里。

  (1)live指长期居住,一般不用进行时。第二个例句中的进行时是为了强调目前的居住情况。

  (2)country指“乡下”(与town相对)时,一般与the连用,而不与my等所有格形容词连用,指“祖国”时则可以:

  I enjoy living in the country.

  我喜欢住在乡下。

  My country is China.

  我的祖国是中国。

 

  3.If she comes, she will get a surprise.如果她来了,她会感到非常惊奇的。

  surprise 在这里是可数名词,指“令人惊奇的事”、“意想不到的事”:

  It's a surprise to me that they can't sell their flat.

  他们无法卖掉他们的公寓,这对我来说是件意想不到的事。

  surprise 也可以作不可数名词,表示“惊讶”:

  She looked at the man in surprise.

  她惊讶地看着那人。

 

  4.Work on it had begun before my sister left. 这栋房子在我姐姐离开之前就已动工了。

  work(工作,作业)在这里是抽象的不可数名词,因此它前面不需要加冠词。我们还可以说:

  Life is short.

  生命是短暂的。(life也是抽象的不可数名词)

 

  5.…I told her that she could stay with us.……告诉她说,她可以和我们住在一起。

  stay 在这里是不及物动词,表示“暂住”、“逗留”。stay with是一固定搭配,表示“跟……暂住在一起”:

  He stayed with his uncle last week.

  上周他住在他叔叔那儿了。

 

  6.It must be the only modern house in the district. 它肯定是这个地区惟一的一栋现代化住宅。

  (1)modern 可以指“现代的”(相对于古代等时期而言),也可以指“现代化的”、“时髦的”、“新式的”:

  This car/dress looks quite modern.

  这辆车/这件衣服看上去很时髦。

  Cars appeared only in the modern period.

  汽车是现代才出现的。

  (2) district一般译为“地区”、“行政区”或“地域”、“地带”,通常隶属于某个整体或具有某些地理特征:

  This district of London is very quiet.

  伦敦的这个地区很冷清。

  The Lake District of Northern England is very beautiful.

  英国北部的湖区非常美丽。

 

  语法 Grammar in use

  1.复习第12~21课部分语法

  在第12~21课的语法中,我们学习了一般将来时、将来进行时、过去完成时、间接引语、条件句、情态动词、完全动词have、动名词等内容。

  I had a letter from him last month. He told me he had returned home.

  我上个月收到他的一封信。他告诉我他已经回家了。(完全动词have在这里相当于 receive;过去完成时表示在过去某个时间前完成的动作)

  He left the room without taking his umbrella.

  他没有拿上自己的伞就离开了房间。(动名词作介词宾语;动名词有自己的宾语)

 

  2.there is和 it is的用法

  在说明或询问人或物等的存在时即可用 there be结构。这种结构可以用一般现在时,也可以用一般过去时、一般将来时及现在完成时等时态。在用there表示过存在之后,就必须用it或者人称代词作进一步说明:

  There's a bus coming, but it's full.

  有一辆公共汽车来了,不过车上坐满了人。

  There's a man at the door. It's the postman.

  门口有个人,那是邮递员。

  There were many people at the party last night.

  昨天晚上的晚会上有许多人。(一般过去时)

  There will be a letter for you tomorrow.

  你明天将会有一封信。(一般将来时)

  但是,当it作为“虚主语”表示时间、距离、天气等概念时,不可用there be结构(cf. 第2课课文详注):

  It's Monday.

  是星期一。

  It's raining.

  天在下雨。

  It's fifteen miles to the station.

  离车站有15英里。

 

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.complete

  (1)vt. 完成,结束:

  The house was completed five months ago.

  这栋房子是5个月以前竣工的。

  Work on the new school will be completed next year.

  新学校明年能竣工。

  (2)adj. 完整的,全部的:

  Do you know the complete story?

  你知道整个故事吗?

  This is a complete family.

  这是个父母双全的家庭。

  (3)adj. 十足的,彻底的,绝对的:

  There is complete silence in the room.

  房间里一点儿声音也没有。

  That was a complete surprise.

  那完全是件意外的事。

 

  2.strange adj.

  (1)外地的,异乡的:

  Living in a strange land is not always a pleasant thing.

  客居他乡并不总是一件令人愉快的事。

  (2)陌生的,生疏的:

  That morning, he saw a strange face in the classroom.

  那天早上,他在教室里看到了一张陌生的面孔。

  This city is quite strange to me.

  我对这座城市很不熟悉。

  (3)不平常的,奇特的,奇怪的,古怪的:

  The house looks strange to some people.

  这房子在有些人看来很古怪。

  A strange thing happened this afternoon.

  这天下午发生了一件奇怪的事。

 

Lesson 23    课后练习和答案Exercises and Answer

 



①广告位800元/月,联系qq877153787
②广告位800元/月,联系qq877153787
③广告位800元/月,联系qq877153787
④广告位800元/月,联系qq877153787