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第14课_Do you speak English?

时间:2015-10-01 16:41来源:www.new-english.org

 

 Lesson 14  Do you speak English?你会讲英语吗?

  First listen and then answer the question.

  听录音,然后回答以下问题。

  Did the young man speak English?

  I had an amusing experience last year.

  去年我有过一次有趣的经历

 

  After I had left a small village in the south of France,I drove on  the next town.

  在离开法国南部的一个小村庄后,我继续驶往下一个城镇

 

  On the way, a young man waved to me. I stopped and he asked me for a lift.

  途中,一个青年人向我招手。我把车停下,他向我提出要求搭车

 

  As soon as he had got into the car, I said good morning to him in French and he replied in the same language.

  他一上车,我就用法语向他问好,他也同样用法语回答我

 

  Apart from a few words, I do not know any French at all. Neither of us spoke during the journey.

  除了个别几个单词外,我根本不会法语

 

  I had nearly reached the town, when the young man suddenly said, very slowly, 'Do you speak English?'

  旅途中我们谁也没讲话。就要到达那个镇时,那青年突然开了口, 慢慢地说道“你会讲英语吗?”

 

  As I soon learnt, he was English himself!

  我很快了解到,他自己就是个英国人!

 

  New words and expressions 生词和短语

  amusing

  adj. 好笑的,有趣的

 

  experience

  n. 经历

 

  wave

  v. 招手

 

  lift

  n. 搭便车

 

  reply

  v. 回答

 

  language

  n. 语言

 

  journey   

  n. 旅行

 

  Notes on the text课文注释

  1  I drove on to the next town.我继续驶往下一个城镇。

  句中的副词on有“继续地”,“不停顿地”的意思。

  2  on the way,在途中。

  3  ask for a lift。要求搭车。

  4  apart from,除了……以外。

  5  As I soon learnt, he was English himself!我很快就知道,他自己就是个英国人。

 

 Lesson 14   自学导读First things first

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.After I had left a small village in the south of France, I drove on to the next town. 在离开法国南部的一个小村庄后,我继续驶往下一个城镇。

  (1)表示一个大范围中的某一个地方时要用介词in:

  Beijing is in the north of China.

  北京位于中国的北部。

  (2)副词on紧跟在动词后面时可以表示“向前”、“继续下去”等意义:

  He talked on until everybody had gone.

  他滔滔不绝地讲到大家都走了。

  I was reading when my friend called. After he had gone, I went on to read.

  我朋友来看我时我正在看书。他走了以后我便继续看书。

 

  2.I stopped and he asked me for a lift. 我把车停下,他向我提出要求搭车。

  名词lift的含义之一是“(给步行者)搭便车”、“免费搭车”:

  Last night, I had to walk home. No one would give me a lift.

  昨晚我不得不走回家。谁也不愿意让我搭车。

  I was lucky today. I got a lift soon after I had left the village.

  我今天运气好,离开村子不久就搭上了便车。

 

  3.As soon as he had got into the car, I said good morning to him in French and he replied in the same language. 他一上车,我就用法语向他问早上好,他也同样用法语回答我。

  (1)表示时间的固定短语as soon as通常表示“一……就……”,即两个动词之间相隔时间非常短:

  Tell him the news as soon as you meet him.

  你一遇见他就把这消息告诉他。

  (2)表示用某种语言作为交际手段时介词用in,表示讲某种语言时可以不加介词:

  speak English/ French 讲英语/法语

  That book is written in German.

  那本书是用德语写的。

  He replied the question in English.

  他用英语回答了这个问题。

 

  语法 Grammar in use

  过去完成时(The simple past perfect tense)

  过去完成时由 had+ 过去分词构成,它表示过去某时或某动作发生之前已经完成的动作或情况,即“较早的过去”。在用

  过去完成时态的句子中,常用的连词有 when, after, as soon as, until, by that time等:

  When I woke up in the morning, she had already had

  her breakfast.

  当我早上醒来时,她已经吃过早饭了。

  After he had said goodbye to us all, Captain Alison started his journey.

  当艾利森船长和我们大家都道了别之后,他就启程了。

  Did you really ring the police?

  你真的给警方打电话了?

  It was a mistake. I realized it as soon as I had rung them.

  我犯了个错误。刚给他们打完电话我就意识到了。

  I didn't know that she was a famous actress until you had told me.

  直到你告诉我时我才知道她是位名演员。

  常与现在完成时连用的副词如already, just, never, never…before也常与过去完成时连用,以强调事件发生的先后次序:

  The boys loved the zoo. They had never seen wild animals before.

  男孩们喜欢动物园,以前他们从没见过野兽。

  在有些用过去完成时的句子中没有明确的时间状语,但通过上下文可以看出动作发生的先后:

  Why was he so pleased?

  他为什么这么高兴?

  I had repaired his bicycle.

  (因为)我把他的自行车修好了。

  Why couldn't you open the door?

  (当时)你为什么开不了门?

  I hadn't taken the key.

  (因为)我没带钥匙。

 

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.ask与ask for

  ask最常用的意思是“问”、“询问”:

  I asked (Mary) a question.

  我(向玛丽)问了一个问题。

  它也可以表达“请求”、“要求”或“邀请”等意思:

  They asked Tony to sing a song.

  他们请托尼唱支歌。

  They asked her to spend the weekend with them.

  他们邀请她一起度周末。

  ask for表示“要”、“要求”:

  You are always asking for help.

  你总是要人帮忙。

  I asked for a cup of coffee, but they gave me a cup of tea.

  我要的是一杯咖啡,但他们却给了我一杯茶。

 

  2.except, except for与apart from

  3者都表示“除……以外”,有时可以互相代替使用:

  Everyone has helped in some way apart from/ except for/except you.

  每个人都帮了点忙,只有你没有。

  I have no other books except/ except for these.

  除了这些书以外我再没有其他书了。

  但是 except不用于句首,except for/ apart from则可以:

  Apart from/ Except for you, everyone has helped in some way.

  除了你,每个人都帮了点忙。

 

  3.短语 which of, either of, neither of与 both of

  这些短语都可用于指两个人或两件事。

  (1)当询问在两个或更多的人或事物中偏爱哪一个或选择哪一个时,可用 which:

  I like both of these bags. Which of the two do you prefer?

  这两个包我都喜欢。你喜欢哪一个?

  (2)either与neither都是对两个人或物而言(后接单数名词)。either指 one or the other(不是这个就是那个),either和 neither 后跟of时则指两个事  物中的每一个:

  Which bag shall I use?

  我用哪个包?

  Either of them.It doesn't matter which.

  哪个都行。用哪个都没关系。

  Nerther of them.Use a suitcase.

  哪个都不行。用个手提箱吧。

  (3)both只指两个人或物。当它用在名词前时,of可有可无:

  Both books/ Both of the books are interesting.

  两本书都很有趣。

  当both用在代词前面时,其后必须加of:

  Both of us/ them left early.

  我们俩/他们俩都走得很早。

  I love both of you.

  我爱你们俩。

 

 Lesson 14   课后练习和答案Exercises and Answer

 


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