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第33-34课_A fine day

时间:2015-10-01编辑:新概念英语new-english.org点击:

 

  Lesson 33   A fine day晴天

  Listen to the tape then answer this question.Where is the Jones family?
  听录音,然后回答问题。琼斯一家人在哪里?

  It’s a fine day today.
  今天天气好。

  There are some clouds in the sky, but the sun is shining.
  天空中飘着几朵云,但阳光灿烂。

  Mr Jones’s with his family.
  琼斯先生同他的家人在一起。

  They are walking over the bridge.
  他们正在过桥。

  There are some boats on the river.
  河上有几艘船。

  Mr Jones and his wife are looking at them.
  琼斯先生和他的妻子正在看这些船。

  Sally is looking at a big ship.
  莎莉正在观看一艘大船。

  The ship is going under the bridge.
  那船正从桥下驶过。

  Tim is looking at an airplane.
  蒂姆正望着一架飞机。

  The airplane is flying over the river.
  飞机正从河上飞过。

  New Word and expressions 生词和短语
  day
  n. 日子

  cloud
  n. 云

  sky
  n. 天空

  sun
  n. 太阳

  shine
  v. 照耀

  with
  prep. 和……在一起

  family
  n. 家庭(成员)

  walk
  v. 走路, 步行

  over
  prep.跨越,在……之上

  bridge
  n. 桥

  boat
  n. 船

  river
  n. 河

  ship
  n. 轮船

  airplane
  n. 飞机

  fly
  v. 飞

  Notes on the text课文注释
  1 It is a fine day today.
  句中的It是指天气。
  2 some clouds 几朵云
  some可以修饰可数名词.也能修饰不可数名词。

  Lesson 34   What are they doing?他们在做什么?



  New words and expressions生词和短语
  sleep
  v.睡觉

  wash
  v.洗
 
  shave
  v.刮脸

  wait
  v.等
 
  cry
  v.哭,喊

  jump
   v.跳
 

  Lesson 33-34   自学导读First things first

  课文详注 Further notes on the text
  1.It is a fine day today.今天天气好。
  句中的it是指天气。又如:
  Is it cold today?  今天冷吗?
  No, it isn't. 不,不冷。

  2.some clouds,几朵云。
  some既可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可数名词。如:some tables一些椅子(可数名词),some milk一些牛奶(不可数名词)。

  3.There are some clouds in the sky, but the sun is shining.天空中飘着几朵云,但阳光灿烂。
  这句是并列句,由两个分句构成,连词but表明分句之间存在着对比及转折关系。两分句之间大多要用逗号,有时可不用逗号。

  4.Mr. Jones is with his family.琼斯先生同他的家人在一起。
  句中with是介词,表示"和……一起"。family是指"家里的人"或"家庭成员"。

  5.They are walking over the bridge.他们正在过桥。
  句中的over有"穿过"的意思。又如:
  The aeroplane is flying over the river.
  飞机正在河上飞过。
  The birds are flying over the house.
  鸟儿在屋上飞过。
  over还可表不"在……上方"(不接触表面),如:
  The sky is over our heads.
  天空在我们头顶上。

  6.There are some boats on the river. 河上有几艘船。
  句中on意为"在……上面"(接触表面)。又如:
  There is a book on  the table.
  桌上有一本书。

  7.The ship is going under the bridge. 那船正从桥下驶过。
  句中under意为"在……下面(或下方)"。如:
  There is a dog under the tree.
  树下有只狗。
  ship一般指海洋中行驶的大船。boat一词指河中行驶的小船。另外:飞机(正式用语)aeroplane(英)/airplane(美);飞机(非正式用语) plane。

  语法  Grammar in use
  现在进行时(2)
  (请参见第31-32课_Where's Sally?语法部分。)
  现在进行时的形式是由be的现在时形式+现在分词形式构成。当句中主语名词为复数或者人称代词为第2人称或第3人称复数时,be的现在时形式应为are。
  What are the cooks doing ? Are they washing dishes?
  这些厨师在干什么?在洗盘子吗?
  No,they aren’t washing dishes .They’re cooking.
  没有,他们没在洗盘子。他们正在烹饪。

  现在进行时的各种形式(包括缩略形式)列表如下:

 I am
 You are
 He is
 She is
 It is
 We are
 You are
 They are
cooking
eating
washing
drinking milk
opening the window
 I 'm
 You 're
 He 's
 She 's
 It 's
 We 're
 You 're
 They 're
cooking
eating
washing
drinking milk
opening the window

  词汇学习  Word study

  1.jump  v.
  (1)跳跃;跃过:
  They are jumping a ditch.
  他们正跃过一个深沟。
  They jumped off the wall and ran off.
  他们从墙上跳下去跑掉了。
  (2)略去;跳过:
  He jumped the first grade in college.
  他跳过大学一年级(指跳级直接升入二年级)。
  (3)突然上升;猛增:
  They jumped the registration fees from £20 to £50.
  他们把注册费从20英镑涨到50英镑。
  His company's profits jumped surprisingly last year.
  他所在公司去年的利润令人惊异地飞速增加。

  2.sleep
  (1)v.睡觉:
  He sleeps for only 4 hours every night.
  他每夜只睡4个小时。
  I was so excited that I could hardly sleep.
  我兴奋得无法入睡。
  (2)n.睡眠;睡觉:
  He had a good sleep last night.
  他昨天夜里睡得很酣畅。


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