Lesson 129 Seventy miles an hour时速70英里Listen to the tape then answer this question.What does Ann advise her husband to do next time?
Ann: Look, Gary! That policeman’s waving to you. He wants you to stop.
Policeman: Where do you think you are? On a race track? You must have been driving at seventy miles an hour.
警察：你认为你现在是在哪儿？ 在赛车道上吗？ 你刚才一定是以每小时70英里的速度开车。
Gary: I can’t have been.
Policeman: I was doing eighty when I overtook you.
Policeman: Didn’t you see the speed limit?
Gary: I’m afraid I didn’t, officer. I must have been dreaming .
Ann: He wasn’t dreaming, officer. I was telling him to drive slowly.
Harry: That’s why I didn’t see the sign.
Policeman: Let me see your driving-license and your insurance certificate.
Policeman: I won’t charge you this time. But you’d better not do it again!
Gary: Thank you. I’ll certainly be more careful.
Ann: I told you to drive slowly, Gary.
Gary: You always tell me to drive slowly, darling.
Ann: Well, next time you’d better take my advice!
New words and Expressions生词和短语
overtake (overtook, overtaken)
Notes on the text课文注释
1 Where do you think you are?
do you think是用在特殊疑问句中的插入语，用来征询见解或表达看法。
2 must have been driving
3 at seventy miles an hour 每小时70英里的速度
4 I was doing eighty when I overtook you.
5 But you'd better not do it again!
you'd better= you had better，后面加动词原形。
6 you' d better take my advice!你最好还是听从我的劝告。take one's advice是“听从劝告”的意思。
Lesson 130 He can't have been…他那时不可能… He must have been…他那时肯定是…
Lesson 129-130 自学导读 First things first课文详注 Further notes on the text
1．Where do you think you are?你认为你现在是在哪儿？
do you think 是用在特殊疑问句中的插入语，用来征询见解或表达看法。因为句中插入语已经是疑问式，主谓倒装了，所以you are的位置不能再对调了。插入语一般是对句子加一些附加的解释，在句子中作独立成分。常用来作插入语的结构有I hope, I think, I'm afraid, you know等。插入语可以位于句尾或句中，有时也可出现在疑问句中。
2．must have been doing sth.,一定/准是在做某事。
这种结构用来表示对过去正进行的事情的推测。下文中的can't have been是 can't have been driving的省略式，在意思上与must have been driving正相反。
3．That's why I didn't see the sign.所以我才没看见那牌子。
why I didn't see the sign作is的表语从句，以why引导的从句用来解释事情的原因。
4．…you'd better take my advice! …你最好还是听从我的劝告吧！
take one's advice是“听从劝告”的意思。
语法 Grammar in use
must与can't不仅能表达对现在和将来的猜测和推断，而且能表达对过去的猜测和推断——这时可用 must have been表示肯定的推断，用can't have been（而不是mustn't have been）来表示否定的推断，如后面跟进行时则表示对过去正在进行的动作的猜测。请看例句：
You must have been driving at seventy miles an hour.
I didn't see it. I must have been dreaming.
She can't have been 29.She must have been 36.
He can't have been reading. He must have been sleeping.
词汇学习 Word study
He was charged by the policeman for speeding.
The hotel charged them ￡ 900 for one night.
They charged him with murder.
He dreamt about his grandmother last night.
Do you often dream at night?
She dreamed that one day she would be as free as a bird
I once dreamed of becoming a famous doctor.
Don't dream away your life!
Sorry, I didn't see the sign. I must have been dream ing.
He waved us quiet.
She waved me goodbye.
The flag is waving in the wind.
She was attracted by the waving sea.