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第125-126课_Tea for two

时间:2015-10-01编辑:新概念英语www.new-english.org

 

  Lesson 125   Tea for two两个人一起喝茶

  Listen to the tape then answer this question.Does Susan have tea by herself?
  听录音,然后回答问题。苏珊是一个人喝茶吗?

  Susan:   Can’t you come in and have tea now, Peter?
  苏珊:彼得,你现在能进来喝茶吗?

  Peter:   Not yet, dear. I must water the garden first.
  彼得:还不能。我得先给花园浇水。

  Susan:   Do you have to water it now?
  苏珊:你一定得现在浇吗?

  Peter:   I’m afraid I must. Look at it!   It’s terribly dry.
  彼得:恐怕我得现在浇。你看看,干得厉害。

  Susan:   What a nuisance!
  苏珊:真讨厌!

  Peter:   Last summer it was very dry, too. Don’t you remember? I had to water it every day.
  彼得:去年夏天也是干得很。你记得了吗?我不得不每天浇水。

  Susan:   Well, I’ll have tea by myself.
  苏珊:好吧,我一个喝茶了。

  Susan:   That was quick! Have you finished already?
  苏珊:好快啊!你已经浇完了?

  Peter:   Yes, dear. Look out of the window.
  彼得:是的。你看看窗外。

  Susan:   Good heaven! It’s raining. That means you needn’t water the garden.
  苏珊:下雨了,这就是就是说,你不必给花园浇水了。

  Peter:   That was a pleasant surprise. It means I can have tea, instead.
  彼得:这是意想不到的好事。这意味着我反倒可以喝茶了。

  New words and Expressions生词和短语
  water
  v. 浇水

  terribly
  adv. 非常

  dry
  adj. 干燥的,干的

  nuisance
  n. 讨厌的东西或人

  mean (meant, meant)
  v. 意味着,意思是

  surprise
  n. 惊奇,意外的事

  Notes on the text课文注释
  1  have to(过去式had to ),不得不,必须。
  have to强调客观需要多一些。must则着重说明主观看法。
  2  What a nuisance!真讨厌!
  3  by myself 我自己/独自。同样,我们可以说by yourself, by himself, by herself, by itself, by ourselves,by yourselves, by themselves, by oneself。
 

  Lesson 126   Have to and do not need to不得不和不必要



  New words and expressions生词和短语

  immediately
  adv.立即地

  Lesson 125-126   自学导读 First things first

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.Can't you come in and have tea now, Peter?彼得,你现在能进来喝茶吗?
  这是否定疑问句,表示邀请。请参见第77-78课_Terrible toothache语法部分。

  2.Don't you remember?你不记得了吗?
  这也是否定疑问句。

  3.don't need to= needn't。
  表示“不必”,是 must和 have to的一般现在时否定式。

  4. a pleasant surprise,意想不到的好事,令人惊喜的事。


  语法 Grammar in use
  must, have to和 needn't
  这3个词都表示必要性。在前面已对 must和 have to介绍过。
  must是情态助动词,而have to是普通动词,二者在肯定句中一般可以互换,表示不可逃避的义务或责任。must更带有说话人的主观色彩,而have to则更强调客观要求和外界影响。
  must一般只能表达现在的必要性,而have to则可以表达过去或将来的必要性。对比例句:

  Must you go now?
  你必须现在就走吗?
  Yes,I have to leave at once.
  是的,我不得不马上就走。
  Yes,1 must leave at once.
  是的,我必须马上就走。
  I shall have to leave London tomorrow.
  我明早得离开伦敦。
  I had to stop smoking because it was forbidden in my company.
  因为我所在的公司内禁止抽烟,所以我不得不停止了吸烟。

  如果我们用 must来提问,则只能用needn't来表达否定的回答。 needn't 还可以理解为have to的否定回答。needn't (don't need to)和 don't have to都表示不必要;而 mustn't却表示绝对禁止,在说话人看来根本没有选择余地。请看例句:
  Must she leave early?
  她必须早走吗?
  She needn’t leave early.
  她不必早走。
  Do you have to take a taxi?
  你必须乘出租汽车吗?
  I don’t have to/need to take a taxi.
  我不必乘出租车。
  You mustn't turn left.
  你不能左转弯。(表示绝对禁止)

  词汇学习  Word study
  1.mean  v.
  (1)意味着,即:
  It's raining! That means you don't need to water the garden.
  下雨了!这就是说,你不必给花园浇水了。
  (2)(词语)表示……意思:
  What does‘perfume’ mean  in English?
  “perfume”一词在英语中是什么意思?
  The green light means‘Go on.’
  绿灯的意思是“继续向前”。
  (3)意指;意欲:
  What I mean is that we'll have to go back and look for it.
  我的意思是:我们必须回去寻找它。
  He didn't mean to hurt you.
  他的本意并不是想伤害你。

  2.water  v.
  (1)浇(洒)水;供水;喂水:
  The garden is very dry, I'm going to water it tomorrow morning.
  花园里很干了,明早我准备给它浇些水。
  Tim is watering his lovely little dog.
  蒂姆正在给他那只可爱的小狗喂水。
  (2)充满水;充满泪水;流口水:
  He felt sad and his eyes watered  a little.
  他感到难过,眼睛有点儿湿润了。
  Ice cream always makes his mouth  water.
  冰淇淋总能让他馋得淌口水。
  (3)搀水冲淡;加水稀释:
  Someone had been watering the milk.
  有人往牛奶里搀了水。
  He always waters drinks and sells them to tourists.
  他总是在饮料里搀水并将之卖给游客们。

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