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第123-124课_A trip to Australia

时间:2015-10-01编辑:新概念英语www.new-english.org

 

  Lesson 123   A trip to Australia澳大利亚之行

  Listen to the tape then answer this question.Who is the man with the beard?
  听录音,然后回答问题。那个长着络腮胡子的人是谁?

  Mike:    Look, Scott. This is a photograph I took during my trip to Australia.
  迈 克:看,这是我到澳大利来旅行时拍的一张照片。

  Scott:   Let me see it, Mike.
  斯科特:让我看看,迈克。

  Scott:   This is a good photograph. Who are these people?
  斯科特:这是一张很好的照片。这些人是谁。

  Mike:   They’re people I met during the trip.
  迈 克:他们是我旅行时认识的人。

  Mike:  That’s the ship we traveled on.
  迈 克:这是我们所乘的那条船。

  Scott:    What a beautiful ship!
  斯科特:多漂亮的船啊!

  Scott:  Who’s this?
  斯科特:这是谁?

  Mike:  That’s the man I told you about. Remember?
  迈 克:这就是我跟你说过的那个人。还记得吗?

  Scott:  Ah yes. The one who offered you a job in Australia.
  斯科特:啊,记得。就是在澳大利亚给你工作的那个人。

  Mike:  That’s right.
  迈 克:对。

  Scott:  Who’s this?
  斯科特:这是谁?

  Mike:  Guess!
  迈 克:你猜!

  Scott:   It’s not you, is it?
  斯科特:这不是你,对吗?

  Mike:  That’s right.
  迈 克:不,是我。

  Mike:   I grew a beard during the trip, but I shaved it off when I came home.
  迈 克:我在旅行时留了胡子,但我回到家时就把它刮了。

  Scott:   Why did you shave it off?
  斯科特:你为什么把它刮了?

  Mike:  My wife didn’t like it!
  迈 克:我妻子不喜欢!

  New words and Expressions生词和短语
  during
  prep.在……期间

  trip
  n. 旅行

  travel
  v. 旅行

  offer
  v. 提供

  job
  n. 工作

  guess
  v. 猜

  grow (grew, grown)
  v. 长,让……生长

  beard
  n. (下巴上的)胡子,络腮胡子

  Notes on the text课文注释
  1  This is a photograph I took…
  这句话中的I took during my trip to Australia是一个定语从句,用来修饰a photograph;由于所修饰的名词在从句中作动词took的宾语,因此。引导从句的关系代词that往往省略。
  2  They're people I met during the trip.
  与注I的情况相同,关系代词whom往往省略。
 

  Lesson 124   (Who) / (whom), (which) and (that)关系代词



  New words and expressions生词和短语

  kitten
  n.小猫

  Lesson 123-124   自学导读 First things first

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.What a beautiful  ship!多漂亮的轮船啊!
  what引导的感叹句通常是由 What + a(n)+形容词+名词构成的。

  2.That's right.对。
  这句是对上面附加疑问句的回答。上面一句虽用否定形式提问,但回答则根据事实来决定是用肯定或是否定形式。That's right是肯定的回答,相当于Yes, it is(那正是我)。

  3.grow a beard,留胡子。

  4.shave it off,把胡子刮掉。
  it 指 a beard。

  5.定语成分
  standing behind the counter和 repairing the road是现在分词短语,作后置定语,分别修饰 The man, The woman和The men。
  I served yesterday 和I saw yesterday 是定语从句,分别修饰the man, the woman和the men。此处关系代词 whom省略了。
  I bought yesterday和I found in the garden是定语从句,分别修饰 the book, the books和 the kitten。关系代词 which或 that 省略了。


  语法 Grammar in use
  定语从句中的省略
  当关系代词代表主语并且从句中的谓语动词是(现在)进行时态时,关系代词及助动词be均可省略。如果关系代词在从句中代表宾语,则往往可以省略。此外,定语从句可用介词结尾。
  请分别看以下的例句:
  The woman  standing behind the counter served me.
  站在柜台后边的那位妇女为我服务/招待了我。
  This is the book I bought yesterday.
  这就是我昨天买的那本书。
  The man I served was wearing a hat.
  我招待过的那个人当时戴着一顶帽子。
  That's the ship we travelled on.
  那就是我们旅行时乘的船。
  That's the man I told you about.
  那就是我告诉过你有关情况的那个人。


  词汇学习  Word study
  1.travel  v.
  (1)旅行;游历:
  He said that if he had a lot of money he would  travel around the world.
  他说,如果他有很多钱的话,他将会周游全世界。
  (2)行进;(被)传送:
  Light travels faster than sound at the speed of 300,000 kilometres per second.
  光速比声速要快,为每秒钟30万公里。
  The news didn't travel as fast as we had expected.
  这消息传播得不如我们所预料得那样快。

  2.offer  v.
  (1)(主动)给予;提供:
  He is offered a job in Canada.
  有人提供给他一份在加拿大的工作。
  We offered some coffee to the guests.
  我们为客人们提供了咖啡。
  (2)提出;出(价):
  Do you have any good suggestions to offer?
  你能否提供一些好的建议?
  I'll offer you £ 30,000 for the house.
  这所房子我愿出3万英镑买下来。
  (3)(主动)表示愿意,提议:
  He offered to help me with my research paper.
  他表示愿意帮助我一起做我的研究论文。
  ‘I could lend you some books,’Jane offered.
  “我可以借你一些书,”简自告奋勇地提议。

  3.grow  v.
  (1)生长;成长:
  His hair has grown too long.
  他的头发长得太长了。
  The trees have grown rapidly.
  树木生长得快。
  (2)使生长;留(须发):
  He grew a beard during the trip.
  他在旅行时留了胡子。
  We grew a lot of roses in our garden.
  我们在自己的花园里种植了大量的玫瑰花。


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