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第119-120课_A true story

时间:2015-10-01编辑:新概念英语new-english.org点击:

 

  Lesson 119   A true story一个真实的故事

  Listen to the tape then answer this question.Who called out to the thieves in the dark?
  听录音,然后回答问题。谁在暗处对窃贼喊了一声?

  Do you like stories? I want to tell you a true story. It happened to a friend of mine a year ago.
  你喜欢听故事吗?我要告诉你一个真实的故事。这是一年前发生在我的一个朋友身上的故事。

  While my friend, George, was reading in bed, two thieves climbed into his kitchen.
  当我的朋友乔治在床上看书时,两个小偷爬进了他的厨房。

  After they had entered the house, they went into the dining-room. It was very dark, so they turned on a torch.
  他们进到屋里后,走进了饭厅。饭厅很暗,于是他们打开了手电筒。

  Suddenly, they heard a voice behind them. “What’s up? What’s up?” someone called. The thieves dropped the torch and ran away as quickly as they could.
  突然他们听到身后有声音。“什么事?什么事?”有人叫着。小偷扔下了手电筒,飞快地逃走了。

  George heard the noise and came downstairs quickly.
  乔治听到了响声,迅速地下了楼。

  He turned on the light, but he couldn’t see anyone. The thieves had already gone.
  他开了灯,但不见一个人。小偷逃走了。

  But George’s parrot, Henry, was still there.
  但时乔治的鹦鹉亨利仍在那里。

  “What’s up, George?” he called.
  “什么事,乔治?”它叫着。

  “Nothing, Henry,” George said and smiled. “Go back to sleep.”
  “没事,亨利。”乔治笑着说,“接着睡觉吧。”

  New words and Expressions生词和短语
  story
  n. 故事

  happen
  v. 发生

  thief
  n. 贼

  enter
  v. 进入

  dark
  adj. 黑暗的

  torch
  n. 手电筒

  voice
  n. (说话的)声音

  parrot
  n. 鹦鹉

  Notes on the text课文注释
  1  as quickly as they could是状语,修饰ran away。第1个as是副词,第2个as是连词.引导比较状语从句。could后省略了run,是“能跑多快就跑多快”的意思。
  2  What's up?干什么?有什么事?
  3  he called
  he指parrot。英语中,动物有时用he或she代替,是“拟人”的写法。
  4  go back to sleep 继续睡觉。
 

  Lesson 120   It had already happened.它已经发生了。



  New words and expressions生词和短语

  exercise book
  n.练习本

  Lesson 119-120   自学导读 First things first

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.happen to,发生在……身上。
  What happened to you yesterday?
  你昨天出什么事了?

  2.a friend of mine,我的朋友之一。
  相当于one of my friends,但前者比后者显得更为亲切。

  3.After they had entered the house, they went into the dining room. 他们进到屋里后,走进了饭厅。
  After they had entered the house 是时间状语从句,had entered 是过去完成时结构。在以after引导的时间状语从句中,用一般过去时或过去完成时没有多少差别。如果强调从句的谓语动作在主句的谓语动作之前完成,就用 过去完成时。

  4.turn on, 打开,拧开(电视、水源、煤气等)。
  其反义词为 turn off(关上)。


  语法 Grammar in use
  过去完成时
  构成: had +过去分词。
  过去完成时主要用于表示两个事件中一个发生在前,或者说是表示较早的过去。常与现在完成时连用的副词,如 already(已经), ever(曾经),for +表示时间段的词,just(刚刚)和never(从未)也常与过去完成时连用,以强调事件发生的先后次序。有时我们不一定非得用过去完成时表示先发生的 事件,因为意思十分清楚,如:
  After I finished ,I went home.
  我做完后就回家了。
  请看例句:
  She went on holiday after she had taken the exam.
  她考试后度假去了。
  I ran to the platform quickly, but the train had already left.
  我赶快跑到站台上,但是火车已经开走了。
  We had had dinner before they arrived.
  他们到达之前我们就已吃饭了。
  The patient had died when the doctor arrived.
  大夫到达时病人已经死了。


  词汇学习  Word study
  1.enter  v.
  (1)进入;穿入:
  After they had entered the house, they went into the dining room.
  他们进入了房子后,就去了餐厅。
  The bullet entered his heart.
  子弹射入了他的心脏。
  (2)参加;加入:
  Four students from our university entered the final contest.
  我们大学的4名学生进入了竞赛的决赛。
  He entered politics when he was 27.
  他在27岁时步入了政界。

  2.happen  v.
  (1)发生:
  How did the accident happen?
  事故是怎么发生的?
  A strange thing happened to a friend of mine a year ago.
  一年之前,一件奇怪的事发生在我的一位朋友身上。
  (2)碰巧,恰好(to):
  I happened to meet her on my way home.
  在回家的路上,我碰巧遇见了她。
  I happen to know that professor.
  我正好认识那位教授。


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