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新概念英语第一册语法总结(五) 一般将来时

时间:2013-12-03编辑:新概念英语www.new-english.org
5. 一般将来时

  表示将来将要发生的动作, 经常和tomorrow, next year, the day after tomorrow, the year after the next, in five hours’ time, etc. 表示将来的词联用

  结构: 主语+助动词will+动词原形

  I will go to America tomorrow.
  The pilot will fly to Japan the month after the next.
  Jack will move into his new house tomorrow morning.

  ★变疑问句将助动词移到句首

  Will you go to America tomorrow?
  Will the pilot fly to Japan the month after the next?
  Will Jack move into his new house tomorrow morning?

  ★变否定句在助动词后面加not

  I will not go to America tomorrow.
  The pilot will not fly to Japan the month after the next.
  Jack will not move into his new house tomorrow morning.

  ★肯定回答及否定回答

  Yes, I will. No, I will not.
  Yes, he/she will. No, he/she will not.
  Yes, he will. No, he will not.

  ★特殊疑问句:

  What will you do?知识拓展】 一般将来时

1) shall用于第一人称,常被will 所代替。

  will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在争求意见时常用于第二人称。


  Which paragraph shall I read first.


  Will you be at home at seven this evening? 

2) be going to +不定式,表示将来。

  a. 主语的意图,即将做某事。
  What are you going to do tomorrow?

  b. 计划,安排要发生的事。
   The play is going to be produced next month。

  c. 有迹象要发生的事
   Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm.

3)  be +不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事。 
   We are to discuss the report next Saturday.

4) be about to +不定式,意为马上做某事。
  He is about to leave for Beijing.

  注意:be about to 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用。 1.一般将来时的基本概念

  一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态,或将来某一段时间内经常的动作或状态.一般将来时由助动词shall(第一人称),will(第二、三人称) 动词原形构成.美国英语则不管什么人称,一律用will.

  2.一般将来时的构成

  am/is/are/going to do和will/shall do

  1) shall用于第三人称单数,常被will 所代替,二者都可以缩写成'll.

  will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在征求意见时常用于第二人称.

  Which paragraph shall I read first.

  Will you be at home at seven this evening?

  2) be going to 动词原形\地点,表示将来.

  a. 主语的意图,即将做某事.

  What are you going to do tomorrow?

  b. 计划,安排要发生的事.

  The play is going to be produced next month.

  c. 有迹象要发生的事

  Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm.

  3) be 不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事.

  We are to discuss the report next Saturday.

  4) be about to 不定式,意为马上做某事.

  He is about to leave for Beijing.

  注意:be about to 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用.

  3.一般将来时的用法

  表示将来的动作或状态:一般将来时常与一些表示将来的时间状语连用,如: tomorrow(明天), next week(下周), from now on(从现在开始);in the future(将来)等.

  4.一般将来时的其他用法

  一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态,其表达形式除了"shall(第一人称),will(第二、三人称) 动词原形构成"外,还有以下几种形式.

  1)"to be going to 动词原形"表示即将发生的或最近打算进行的事.例如:

  ①It is going to rain. 要下雨了。

  ②We are going to have a meeting today. 今天我们开会。

  2)go, come,start,move,sail,leave,arrive,stay,live,fly,等可用进行时态表示按计划即将发生的动作,例如:

  I'm leaving for Beijing. 我要去北京。

  3)"be to 动词原形"表示按计划要发生的事或征求对方意见.例如:

  ①Are we to go on with this work?我们继续干吗?

  ②The boy is to go to school tomorrow.这个男孩明天要去上学。

  4)"be about to 动词原形"表示即将发生的动作,意为:很快,马上.后面一般不跟时间状语.例如:

  We are about to leave.我们马上就走。

  5)某些词,如come, go, leave, arrive, start, get, stay ,live,fly等的一般现在时也可表示将来.

  ①The meeting starts at five o'clock.会议五点开始。

  ②He gets off at the next stop.他下一站下车。


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